Archives for February 2016

February 1, 2016 - No Comments!

Photoshop 101 – How to simply switch colour

Even the thought of switching a colour of a subject or object can be considered daunting, when in reality it is actually quite a simple process.

You firstly have to ask yourself what do you require?

A Light to Dark conversion or a Dark to Light Conversion of colour

There are typically two variables to consider when switching any colour of any subject/object:

Luminosity & Colour + Suitable Mask of the Area you wish to effect

Once you understand this process, you will be able to perform both conversions.

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Luminosity Adjustments
In simple terms, any adjustment of luminosity (Exposure, Brightness or Contrast adjustments) through the use of Levels, Curves or Channels to make your image lighter or darker.

A quick way of generating a variety of different options is to use luminosity masks.
If you are unfamiliar with the use of Luminosity masks, it is simply showing you variables of lightness for Highlights, Midtones and Shadows within your image.

highlights-midtones-shadows
These "masks" can be used on any adjustment and effect your image proportionally.

To load a channel as a selection simply (command or ctrl + click) on the channel you wish to use and then add it as a layer mask to your adjustment.

Please note if you wish to load a selection it will normally be as a positive.
If you require a negative Channel simply invert the selection once it is loaded or or Invert the mask on the adjustment.

I personally use Zone Masks as it shows you a different range of information compared with Channels.
Once again these can be used as a mask for any adjustment layer.


zone-masks-all

Top line: Zones 0-4 are Shadow Values
Middle line: Zone 5 is your Midtone value
Bottom line: Zones 6-10 are Highlight values.

The reason I primarily use Zone masks for Colour Switching is it can create a +4 to -4 Difference of Light in Luminosity of your image.
Please note you will have to invert zones 0 - 4 to see this.

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Colour Adjustments

You can choose to use any solid colour adjustment layer or colour swatch.

To tweak the colour I normally use the following adjustments which can be found here

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Shortcuts for Selections!

Load any channel as a selection - Command (or CTRL) Click on the Channel/Mask
Inverse any Selection - Command (or CTRL) + Shift + I
Invert any mask - Command (or CTRL) + I
Deselect the selection - Command (or CTRL) + D
Reselect the selection - Command (or CTRL) + Shift + D

Now for the fun...

Select All - Command (or CTRL) + A
Copy - Command (or CTRL) + C
Paste - Command (or CTRL) +V
Load a Channel as a selection - Command (or CTRL) Click on the Channel/Mask
Opening up your selection with itself (making it the Channel brighter) - Shift + Command (Or CTRL) Click
Closing down your selection with itself  (making it the channel darker) - Shift + Option (or ALT) + Command (Or CTRL) Click
Intersecting your selection with itself - Option (or ALT) + Command (Or CTRL) Click

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Instructions:

•On your image
•Load your zone masks using the action above
• Invert zones 0-4 so that they are now positive
• Start with Zone 6 as it will likely be your base, copy this to its own layer
•Depending on how dark or light you need to switch, choose the appropriate zone mask
• Select an appropriate colour you wish to use; set the layer to color blending mode
• Group these two layers (colour and luminosity) in their own group and apply a mask to the area you wish to effect.

Practice:

colour-switch-original
Original Image.

1. Selected the appropriate luminosity Mask for switching the Royal Blue to the yellow.
As the luminosity of the blue needs to be lighter. A lighter zone is chosen of +2
yellow-mask+2
2. Sampled the colour of the yellow
colour-yellow
3. Created a mask where it is required
yellowmask

1st Conversion - Dark to light Result

colour-switch-first
4.  As the final luminosity is darker for the colour switch (Light blue to Purple).
I simply selected the default Zone 0 and applied a levels adjustment to this adjustment.
purple-mask-0

5 . Purple colour Sample
colour-purple
6. Select the final mask
purplemask
2nd Conversion - Light to Dark
colour-switch-second

Before/After

colour-switch---before-after

February 1, 2016 - 1 comment.

Photoshop 101 – How to edit colour using Selective Colour

colour-theory
Colour values are primarily referenced in either RGB (Additive) or CMYK (subtractive) values.

If we are working on a computer, colour is represented on a screen with light. These values are created using the additive colour method.
This process begins with mixing values of black and ends with white, as colour is added the values the result becomes lighter.

When you are mixing colours with paint or through a printing process, colours are created using the subtractive colour method
This process begins mixing values of white and ends with black, as colour is added the values the result becomes darker

At the end of the day, you have to first have to understand the properties of Colour; how this can be effected by saturation and brightness.
Below is a cheat sheet of how you can effect saturation and brightness using a selective colour adjustment layer.

Selective-colour-adjustment-layer
Properties of Red

More Saturation
Simply increase the Magenta and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Magenta and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Cyan value

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Cyan value

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Properties of Yellow

More Saturation
Simply increase the Yellow value

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Yellow value

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Cyan and Magenta values in equal proportions.

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Cyan and Magenta values in equal proportions.

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Properties of Green

More Saturation
Simply increase the Cyan and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Cyan and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Magenta value

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Magenta value

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Properties of Cyan

More Saturation
Simply increase the Cyan value

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Cyan value

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Magenta and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Magenta and Yellow values in equal proportions.

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Properties of Blue

More Saturation
Simply increase the Cyan and Magenta values in equal proportions.

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Cyan and Magenta values in equal proportions.

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Yellow value

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Yellow value

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Properties of Magenta

More Saturation
Simply increase the Magenta value

Less Saturation
Simply decrease the Magenta value

Lighter Colour
Simply decrease the Cyan and Yellow values in equal proportions.

Darker Colour
Simply increase the Cyan and Yellow values in equal proportions.

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